Haifa, Beirut and Juniya

“Last Trek to Beirut – from breakthrough at Medjel Yaba to Beirut.”

The three Brigades of 54 Division held their positions to the south through the spring and early summer of 1918, and the stronghold of Medjel Yaba was taken in September of that year. The Brief Record documents the ruin of Sirisia taken by 163 Brigade on 19th September, with 600 prisoners and 11 guns taken.

Early October saw the Division advance to Haifa, continuing the march north to Beirut at the end of the month. My grandfather has noted in the margins of the Brief Record: “as the 161 Brigade ambulance had to remain at Haifa, a small number of men (self included) were detailed from 163 Ambulance (including me) with 2 MO’s to accompany the 161 Brigade from Haifa to Beirut.”

The Brief Record notes that 54 Division marched through Beirut on 31st October 1918, at the hour Turkish hostilities ceased.

All of the the following photographs were taken by Harry Belson, or with his camera, and captions, where present, are as noted by him.

HB_1628_towards Beirut

With the Camel column on the trek North towards Beirut

HB_0302HB_0303HB_0309

HB_0308

Somewhere in Lebanon on the way to Beirut – The final breakthrough – hill country

HB_0310 HB?

HB_1615_Turkish prisoners

Turkish prisoners captured in the last stump

HB_0316

Haifa Bay – Haifa taken from Mount Carmel

HB_0306x

Fir plantation on the sand dunes behind Beirut, to stop the sand drifting into the town.

HB_0311HB_0305HB_0312HB_0313HB_0314HB_0317

HB_0304_Copt

In the Beirut district. The man was a Copt.

HB_0301HB_1508

HB_1620_Dog River

Dog River

HB_1634_Turkish Rly Dog River

 

The Turkish Light Railway crossing a hill stream. This was on the coast, the hills running right down to the sea, the road hewn a ledge out along the rock. The scenery was fine. I find this is the famous “Dog River”.

HB_1605_1

Junie about 12 miles north of Beirut – vineyards

The coastal town now more commonly spelt “Juniya” or “Jounieh”. Modern photographs show how dramatically the townscape has changed in front of the distinctive hillside backdrop.

HB_1607_Junie

Junie

Arrival in Beirut marked the end of the War and the end of my grandfather’s long trek north through Egypt and Palestine. Another marginal note in the Brief Record reads: “54 Division – November – Embarked at Beirut & proceeded to Suez and then to Cairo to deal with rioting in Egypt.”

© Paul Barham, May 2018

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s